Discussion Mitragyna speciosa Korth (Kratom) leaves have been used by humans for decades. There are no reports of increased cancer associated with consumption of Kratom leaves although such associations have never been examined in a proper controlled study. Kratom Only Store neither is there any information available concerning the genotoxic potential of Kratom leaves.
M -5 3. D ) in MSE and MIT treated HEK 293 cells as determined by the Trypan blue exclusion assay. SH-SY5Y cells With SH-SY5Y cells low doses MSE (0. These higher doses of MSE also substantially increased cell death within 24 hr (Fig.
The nature of cell death observed was unknown and to the best of my knowledge there are no reports or information available on Mitragyna speciosa Korth toxicity on mammalian cells. In this study therefore an attempt was made to mixing red and white vein kratom characterise the MSE and MIT toxicity by looking at cell cycle distribution. Firstly attempt was made to look at the cell cycle distribution in different cell lines using flow cytometry approach. Propidium Iodide is one of the most common and recommended dyes to use to quantitatively assess DNA content by flow cytometry (Darzynkiewicz et al 2001). The dose response and temporal effects of treatment were examined in this assay liquid kratom online in order to maximally evaluate the effect on the cell cycle. Cell cycle
<img Kratom Only Store src=’http://cdn.shopify.com/s/files/1/0152/6785/products/Spec_B_1024x1024.jpg%253Fv%253D1408633603′ alt=’Kratom Only Store’>
analysis was initially performed using HEK 293 cells and the DNA profile was determined manually using the Cellquest Pro software (Fig. The effect of several concentrations of MSE was compared at two times 24 and 48 hr.
The procedures were as described in section 4. Human embryo kidney- HEK 293 cells Using HEK 293 cells the effects of various concentration of MSE on the cell cycle profile was determined at 24 and 48 hr time period Kratom Only Store (Fig. The 10000 events were collected during the acquisition and the phases of the cell cycle were mitragyna speciosa – 30x extrakt gated manually using CellQuest Pro software.
Similar observations were also noted for H202 MSE and MIT groups. Interestingly the majority of the cells which were treated with NAC prior to treatment with H202 appeared firmly attached to the bottom of the wells Kratom Only Kratom Only Store Store and had normal cell appearance. Brownish precipitations were also noted floating in all wells believed to be the hydrophobic fluorescent dye DCFH-DA.
The control and low dose groups however did express p21 protein consistent with the p53 expression. In the parallel experiment with MIT again p21 was expressed in a time-dependant manner that correlated with p53 expression. MIT exerts weaker toxicity effects good online kratom vendors compared to MSE.
Future perspectives for the regulation of traditional herbal medicinal products in Europe. Phytomedicine 9: 572. Wild type p53 triggers a rapid senescence program in human tumor cells lacking functional p53. Sci USA 94: 9648-9653. Cyclin-specific control of rDNA segregation. A study of kratom eaters in Thailand.
I and Mishra R. Biochemical and Biophysical Research Communications 137 813-820. Apoptosis: a basic biological phenomenon with wide ranging implications in tissue kinetics. British Journal of Cancer 26:239-257. Evaluation of the ability of a battery of three in vitro genotoxicity tests to discriminate
rodent carcinogens and non-carcinogens I. Sensitivity specificity and relative predictivity. P53: Puzzle and paradigm.
IC50 values (Inhibition concentration that caused 50% cell death) of 24 hr treatment with MSE and MIT treated cell lines. The values were interpolated from Kratom Only Store percentage dead cells curves obtained from the Trypan blue exclusion experiments. MIT (Molar) 7.
Magnification (x 1000). Cytological examination of HEK-293 cells after 48 hr treatment with MSE (24 hr treatment and 24 hr doubling time). Each photo is representative of 3 similar experiment with the same treatment concentration stained with WrightGiemsa staining.
By 48 hr proliferation of cells treated with the lowest concentration of MSE (1. As with the HepG2 cells MSE associated cell death was only apparent at doses higher than 11. The IC50 for this cell at 24 hr period is 410.